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Number of items: 34.

A

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence has been widely used in the field of dentistry in recent years. The present study highlights current advances and limitations in integrating artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning in subfields of dentistry including periodontology, endodontics, orthodontics, restorative dentistry, and oral pathology. This article aims to provide a systematic review of current clinical applications of artificial intelligence within different fields of dentistry. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) statement was used as a formal guideline for data collection. Data was obtained from research studies for 2009–2022. The analysis included a total of 55 papers from Google Scholar, IEEE, PubMed, and Scopus databases. Results show that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve dental care, disease diagnosis and prognosis, treatment planning, and risk assessment. Finally, this study highlights the limitations of the analyzed studies and provides future directions to improve dental care metadata Fatima, Anum and Shafi, Imran and Afzal, Hammad and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Lourdes, Del Rio-Solá M. and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Advancements in Dentistry with Artificial Intelligence: Current Clinical Applications and Future Perspectives. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2188. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Teaching Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Se analizó la preferencia en el uso de la Biblioteca presencial y sus bases de datos virtuales con información fidedigna, que la Universidad posee frente al uso del Internet con sus datos fiables y también con información dudosa. Esto se llevó a cabo por los estudiantes de tercer y cuarto año de la Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez (UPRRUM). El propósito es ayudar al estudiante a utilizar el medio más correcto de conseguir información fidedigna en sus trabajos y tareas universitarias. No sólo se evaluará lo accesible que sea uno u otro, sino también se buscarán las maneras de llegar directamente a los estudiantes y que éstos desarrollen destrezas para usar los diferentes instrumentos de navegación asignados a la búsqueda de información. La investigación se centra en el método cuantitativo. De acuerdo al análisis de los objetivos de la investigación se concluye que al cuantificar con qué frecuencia los estudiantes acceden a la biblioteca física para la búsqueda de información se observó que aunque los estudiantes conocen los servicios que se ofrecen en ella no patrocinan el uso de ésta, para buscar información y realizar sus trabajos asignados. Dentro del renglón de análisis concluyente se observa que aunque los estudiantes conocen las facilidades de la biblioteca virtual, ésta demostró gran dificultad en los estudiantes para navegar por la base de datos de la misma, no siendo las que frecuentemente utilicen para realizar sus tareas universitarias. metadata Soto Paz, Pedro mail Kamelotstudios@hotmail.com (2019) Análisis de preferencias en la búsqueda de información; utilización de internet y/o biblioteca física. Caso de estudio en la universidad de Puerto Rico. MLS Educational Research, 3 (2). pp. 47-64. ISSN 26035820

Article Subjects > Psychology Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés, Español La trata humana, es un fenómeno que crece en las entrañas de muchos países del mundo. Puerto Rico, no es la excepción a esta situación. En la investigación que se presenta en este artículo, se analizan las repercusiones que ha tenido la ausencia de protocolos de trata humana para menores de edad, en la lucha contra este fenómeno en Puerto Rico. Para lograr ese propósito, se realizó una investigación de enfoque mixto y diseño exploratorio. Respecto a las hipótesis del estudio, a través de estas, se intentó probar que las efectos negativos que acarrea la ausencia de protocolos, en la lucha contra este fenómeno, disminuirían con la presencia de protocolos de trata humana para menores en Puerto Rico. También, se auscultó si la identificación e inclusión de los factores correctos, en un protocolo para menores, podría mejorar las estrategias de detección de casos. Se utilizó la percepción y conocimiento de expertos que ofrecen servicios a la población de menores, en algunas agencias públicas de Puerto Rico y en algunas organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG). La muestra seleccionada, fue no aleatoria y por disponibilidad. La técnica utilizada para obtener la información, fue la entrevista por medio de un cuestionario. El cuestionario, se redactó utilizando una escala Likert, además, se realizaron preguntas abiertas. Se cumplió con los objetivos principales de crear un prototipo de plan de prevención juvenil de trata huma e identificar los factores que debe incluir un protocolo de prevención y protección de la trata para menores en Puerto Rico. metadata I Alvarez, Nydia mail UNSPECIFIED (2020) Ausencia de protocolos de prevención de trata humana para menores de edad en Puerto Rico. MLS Psychology Research, 3 (1). pp. 65-78. ISSN 26055295

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer is challenging due to its asymptomatic nature, especially given the repeated radiation exposure and high cost of computed tomography(CT). Examining the lung CT images to detect pulmonary nodules, especially the cell lung cancer lesions, is also tedious and prone to errors even by a specialist. This study proposes a cancer diagnostic model based on a deep learning-enabled support vector machine (SVM). The proposed computer-aided design (CAD) model identifies the physiological and pathological changes in the soft tissues of the cross-section in lung cancer lesions. The model is first trained to recognize lung cancer by measuring and comparing the selected profile values in CT images obtained from patients and control patients at their diagnosis. Then, the model is tested and validated using the CT scans of both patients and control patients that are not shown in the training phase. The study investigates 888 annotated CT scans from the publicly available LIDC/IDRI database. The proposed deep learning-assisted SVM-based model yields 94% accuracy for pulmonary nodule detection representing early-stage lung cancer. It is found superior to other existing methods including complex deep learning, simple machine learning, and the hybrid techniques used on lung CT images for nodule detection. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can greatly assist radiologists in detecting early lung cancer and facilitating the timely management of patients. metadata Shafi, Imran and Din, Sadia and Khan, Asim and Díez, Isabel De La Torre and Pali-Casanova, Ramón and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ramon.pali@unini.edu.mx, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) An Effective Method for Lung Cancer Diagnosis from CT Scan Using Deep Learning-Based Support Vector Network. Cancers, 14 (21). p. 5457. ISSN 2072-6694

B

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Building energy consumption prediction has become an important research problem within the context of sustainable homes and smart cities. Data-driven approaches have been regarded as the most suitable for integration into smart houses. With the wide deployment of IoT sensors, the data generated from these sensors can be used for modeling and forecasting energy consumption patterns. Existing studies lag in prediction accuracy and various attributes of buildings are not very well studied. This study follows a data-driven approach in this regard. The novelty of the paper lies in the fact that an ensemble model is proposed, which provides higher performance regarding cooling and heating load prediction. Moreover, the influence of different features on heating and cooling load is investigated. Experiments are performed by considering different features such as glazing area, orientation, height, relative compactness, roof area, surface area, and wall area. Results indicate that relative compactness, surface area, and wall area play a significant role in selecting the appropriate cooling and heating load for a building. The proposed model achieves 0.999 R2 for heating load prediction and 0.997 R2 for cooling load prediction, which is superior to existing state-of-the-art models. The precise prediction of heating and cooling load, can help engineers design energy-efficient buildings, especially in the context of future smart homes metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and Daghriri, Talal and Díez, Isabel de la Torre and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Building Heating and Cooling Load Prediction Using Ensemble Machine Learning Model. Sensors, 22 (19). p. 7692. ISSN 1424-8220

C

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Asthma is a deadly disease that affects the lungs and air supply of the human body. Coronavirus and its variants also affect the airways of the lungs. Asthma patients approach hospitals mostly in a critical condition and require emergency treatment, which creates a burden on health institutions during pandemics. The similar symptoms of asthma and coronavirus create confusion for health workers during patient handling and treatment of disease. The unavailability of patient history to physicians causes complications in proper diagnostics and treatments. Many asthma patient deaths have been reported especially during pandemics, which necessitates an efficient framework for asthma patients. In this article, we have proposed a blockchain consortium healthcare framework for asthma patients. The proposed framework helps in managing asthma healthcare units, coronavirus patient records and vaccination centers, insurance companies, and government agencies, which are connected through the secure blockchain network. The proposed framework increases data security and scalability as it stores encrypted patient data on the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) and keeps data hash values on the blockchain. The patient data are traceable and accessible to physicians and stakeholders, which helps in accurate diagnostics, timely treatment, and the management of patients. The smart contract ensures the execution of all business rules. The patient profile generation mechanism is also discussed. The experiment results revealed that the proposed framework has better transaction throughput, query delay, and security than existing solutions metadata Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Suhail, Maryam and Qureshi, Junaid Nasir and Rustam, Furqan and de la Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Consortium Framework Using Blockchain for Asthma Healthcare in Pandemics. Sensors, 22 (21). p. 8582. ISSN 1424-8220

D

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Patient care and convenience remain the concern of medical professionals and caregivers alike. An unconscious patient confined to a bed may develop fluid accumulation and pressure sores due to inactivity and deficiency of oxygen flow. Moreover, weight monitoring is crucial for an effective treatment plan, which is difficult to measure for bedridden patients. This paper presents the design and development of a smart and cost-effective independent system for lateral rotation, movement, weight measurement, and transporting immobile patients. Optimal dimensions and practical design specifications are determined by a survey across various hospitals. Subsequently, the proposed hoist-based weighing and turning mechanism is CAD-modeled and simulated. Later, the structural analysis is carried out to select suitable metallurgy for various sub-assemblies to ensure design reliability. After fabrication, optimization, integration, and testing procedures, the base frame is designed to mount a hydraulic motor for the actuator, a DC power source for self-sustenance, and lockable wheels for portability. The installation of a weighing scale and a hydraulic actuator is ensured to lift the patient for weight measuring up to 600 pounds or lateral turning of 80 degrees both ways. The developed system offers simple operating characteristics, allows for keeping patient weight records, and assists nurses in changing patients’ lateral positions both ways, comfortably massage patients’ backs, and transport them from one bed to another. Additionally, being lightweight offers reduced contact with the patient to increase the healthcare staff’s safety in pandemics; it is also height adjustable and portable, allowing for use with multiple-sized beds and easy transportation across the medical facility. The feedback from paramedics is encouraging regarding reducing labor-intensive nursing tasks, alleviating the discomfort of long-term bed-ridden patients, and allowing medical practitioners to suggest better treatment plans metadata Shafi, Imran and Farooq, Muhammad Siddique and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Breñosa, Jose and Martínez Espinosa, Julio César and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, josemanuel.brenosa@uneatlantico.es, ulio.martinez@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Design and Development of Smart Weight Measurement, Lateral Turning and Transfer Bedding for Unconscious Patients in Pandemics. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2174. ISSN 2227-9032

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés This article proposes a discussion on the form of coexistence of local Development Agencies in Uruguay, with local governments in the face of the new scenarios marked by the decentralization process, initiated in the country with the Constitutional Reform of 1996 and culminating in February 2009, with the Law of Political Decentralization and Citizen Participation. The discussion applies in particular to the local development agency of the city of Rivera (ADR), located in the northeast of the country. A descriptive, mixed, bibliographic, documentary investigation was carried out with primary data collection to internal and external references to ADR. The results show that the coexistence of both institutions has been difficult, without defining clear roles. Promoting dialogue to define the role of each seems to be the great challenge facing the sustainability of the agency metadata Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Silva Alvarado, Eduardo and Calderón Iglesias, Rubén and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Gracia Villar, Santos mail silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, ruben.calderon@uneatlantico.es, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, santos.gracia@uneatlantico.es (2022) Development Agencies and Local Governments—Coexistence within the Same Territory. Social Sciences, 11 (9). p. 398. ISSN 2076-0760

E

Article Subjects > Nutrition Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés University students frequently develop unhealthy eating habits. However, it is unknown if students enrolled in academic programs related to nutrition and culinary arts have healthier eating habits. We evaluated the relationship of eating habits and nutritional status of students in academic programs with knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in spring of 2019, while we completed a survey measuring eating habits and knowledge on nutrition, as well as cooking methods and techniques. Anthropometric measurements were collected for nutritional status estimation. The non-probabilistic convenience sample comprised 93 students pursuing degrees at Universidad Ana G. Mendez, Puerto Rico. Inadequate body mass index (BMI) was observed in 59% of the students. Eating habits, knowledge on nutrition, and knowledge on cooking methods and techniques were inadequate in 86%, 68%, and 41% of the population, respectively. Eating habits were associated with knowledge on nutrition and academic program, but not with knowledge on cooking methods and techniques. Most students reported having inadequate eating habits and BMI. Nutrition and dietetics students had the best knowledge on nutrition compared to culinary management students, a majority of whom had inadequate knowledge. We can conclude that there are other factors inherent to students’ life that may have a stronger influence on eating habits metadata Rivera Medina, Christian and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and de Jesús Espinosa, Aixa and Toledo López, Ángel mail UNSPECIFIED, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2020) Eating Habits Associated with Nutrition-Related Knowledge among University Students Enrolled in Academic Programs Related to Nutrition and Culinary Arts in Puerto Rico. Nutrients, 12 (5). p. 1408. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español Introducción: Las caídas se consideran como uno de los síndromes geriátricos más importantes por su alta incidencia en los adultos mayores de 65 años. Las caídas pueden generar diversas e importantes consecuencias físicas y/o psicológicas, deterioro funcional, dependencia e incluso la muerte. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad del entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caídas en el adulto mayor de 65 años residente en un hogar de reposo en el km 1 vía a Dapa, Valle del Cauca. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación cuasiexperimental de corte transversal, con muestra no probabilística constituida por 12 mujeres y 3 hombres adultos mayores de 65 años residentes en un hogar de reposo, participando de manera voluntaria en un entrenamiento propioceptivo de 6 semanas, dos veces a la semana durante los meses de marzo y abril de 2021. La factibilidad de la propuesta de ejercicios propioceptivos se validó a partir de la técnica de investigación grupo nominal. Los resultados incluyeron las pruebas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) y Timed up and go (TUG) evaluadas pre y post intervención. Resultados: Hubo diferencias significativas en el nivel de funcionalidad pre- post intervención, (p<0,05), las dos variables (nivel de riesgo de caída y nivel de funcionalidad) se correlacionan en sentido inverso (p<0,05). Conclusiones: El entrenamiento propioceptivo es efectivo para mejorar el equilibrio estático/dinámico, la velocidad de la marcha y fuerza de extremidades inferiores en los adultos mayores de 65 años que residen en un hogar de reposo. metadata Vélez Alape, Natalia and Hernández Cruz, Leonardo de Jesús and Velarde-Sotres, Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, eonardo.hernandez@unib.org, alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es (2022) Efecto de un entrenamiento propioceptivo para prevenir el riesgo de caída en adultos mayores. MLS Sport Research, 2 (2).

Revista Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Español La revista Environmental Sciences and Practices (ESAP) nace como una publicación semestral con el objetivo de invitar a la reflexión y el debate para entender correctamente cual es la función, aporte y responsabilidad medioambiental no solo del mundo académico sino además en el espacio profesional. Comenzando por entender que el área de ESAP, es un espacio interdisciplinario, bajo un concepto innovador, colaborativo e integral hacia todas las áreas que convergen en una temática de interés común: el medio ambiente. Los artículos incluidos en esta revista se publican en español, portugués e inglés, atendiendo de esta manera a un espacio internacional y multicultural que permita una gestión del conocimiento actual, propia y necesaria del área medioambiental. A partir de esta página, podrá acceder a los índices de todas las ediciones de la revista Environmental Sciences and Practices, los resúmenes del artículo y los textos completos. Asimismo, en la sección "Acerca de" encontrará toda la información sobre nuestra revista, su equipo editorial, sistema de publicación y envíos en línea. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2022) Environmental Sciences and Practices. [Revista]

Article Subjects > Teaching Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español La presencia de nuevos avances tecnológicos en el ámbito educativo, exigen una intensa intervención y adaptación hacia el uso de metodologías relacionadas con las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones (TICs) que contribuyan al mejoramiento del rendimiento académico de los estudiantes. El objetivo de este artículo fue comprobar si existió un impacto favorable en el rendimiento escolar con el uso de la metodología de Aula Invertida en comparación con el uso de la metodología tradicional en los estudiantes de los niveles noveno y décimo grado en los cursos de español, inglés y matemáticas. Por otro lado, también se intentó dar una breve descripción del concepto de Aula invertida con la revisión de algunas aportaciones de investigadores como aporte hacia el estudiante y al profesorado. Este estudio es de corte cuantitativo y con un diseño cuasi-experimental. La muestra fue de 116 estudiantes y se dividió en grupo control (grupos de 65 estudiantes) y grupo experimental (grupos de 51 estudiantes) de cada asignatura con un total de 116 estudiantes. Como variable independiente, los instrumentos aplicados fueron sobre el rendimiento académico de cada unidad (pruebas pre-post), cuyos resultados fueron analizados utilizando la prueba estadística t de Student para comprobar su fiabilidad. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó la aplicación IBM SPSS Versión 22. Con respecto a los resultados obtenidos, no se observó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las pruebas pre-post entre los grupos experimental y grupos control motivos que se darán a conocer dentro de la discusión y conclusión del texto. Nunca he visto esto en un resumen, lo normal es que las pongan aquí. metadata Schmeisser, Carolina and Medina-Talavera, José mail cschmeisser@boscotech.edu, jose.medina@unini.org (2018) Estudio comparativo entre metodología de aula invertida y metodología tradicional en clases de español, inglés y matemáticas. MLS Educational Research, 2 (2). pp. 159-176. ISSN 26035820

Article Subjects > Teaching Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español El estudio que se presenta estuvo dirigido a la exploración de la percepción de estudiantes de Bachillerato en Enfermería sobre la utilización de la Evaluación Clínica Objetiva Estructurada (ECOE / OSCE) en cursos de enfermería en una universidad en Puerto Rico. La ECOE, es una metodología educativa internacionalmente reconocida por su validez y fiabilidad para evaluar las competencias clínicas en los profesionales de ciencias de la salud de manera formativa y (o) sumativa. El paradigma de la investigación es cuantitativo no experimental descriptivo transversal. Los datos fueron recopilados, mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario semiestructurado con preguntas abiertas y cerradas utilizando la escala Likert. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, frecuencias, porcentajes y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Preguntas abiertas relacionadas con fortalezas, debilidades y recomendaciones relacionadas a la ECOE mencionadas por los estudiantes, fueron examinadas mediante el análisis de contenido. Los resultados de la distribución porcentual y absoluta de los estudiantes por ítems del cuestionario utilizado para este estudio, revelaron que los participantes percibían la ECOE como una herramienta de ayuda en la evaluación de destrezas clínicas en enfermería. Los resultados comprobaron, además, la efectividad de la ECOE para medir el logro de las competencias profesionales en cursos de enfermería. Mediante las propias expresiones de los estudiantes en cuanto a las fortalezas y debilidades de la ECOE, pudieron identificarse áreas a mejorar al utilizar la misma en cursos de enfermería. metadata Rivera Vélez, Reina del Carmen mail rerivera@suagm.edu (2018) Estudio sobre la percepción de los estudiantes de Bachillerato en Enfermería al utilizar la evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada (ECOE) en simulación clínica en cursos de Enfermería en Puerto Rico. MLS Educational Research, 2 (2). pp. 211-225. ISSN 26035820

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article is to help to bridge the gap between sustainability and its application to project management by developing a methodology based on artificial intelligence to diagnose, classify, and forecast the level of sustainability of a sample of 186 projects aimed at local communities in Latin American and Caribbean countries. First, the compliance evaluation with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the framework of the 2030 Agenda served to diagnose and determine, through fuzzy sets, a global sustainability index for the sample, resulting in a value of 0.638, in accordance with the overall average for the region. Probabilistic predictions were then made on the sustainability of the projects using a series of supervised learning classifiers (SVM, Random Forest, AdaBoost, KNN, etc.), with the SMOTE resampling technique, which provided a significant improvement toward the results of the different metrics of the base models. In this context, the Support Vector Machine (SVM) + SMOTE was the best classification algorithm, with accuracy of 0.92. Lastly, the extrapolation of this methodology is to be expected toward other realities and local circumstances, contributing to the fulfillment of the SDGs and the development of individual and collective capacities through the management and direction of projects. metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia and Álvarez, Roberto Marcelo and Dzul López, Luis Alonso and Tutusaus, Kilian and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Miró Vera, Yini Airet and Brie, Santiago and López Flores, Miguel A. mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx, roberto.alvarez@uneatlantico.es, luis.dzul@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, yini.miro@uneatlantico.es, santiago.brie@uneatlantico.es, miguelangel.lopez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Evaluation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Diagnosis and Prediction of the Sustainability of Projects Aimed at Local Communities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Applied Sciences, 12 (21). p. 11188. ISSN 2076-3417

I

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés In Smart Cities’ applications, Multi-node cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) can boost spectrum sensing efficiency in cognitive wireless networks (CWN), although there is a non-linear interaction among number of nodes and sensing efficiency. Cooperative sensing by nodes with low computational cost is not favorable to improving sensing reliability and diminishes spectrum sensing energy efficiency, which poses obstacles to the regular operation of CWN. To enhance the evaluation and interpretation of nodes and resolves the difficulty of sensor selection in cognitive sensor networks for energy-efficient spectrum sensing. We examined reducing energy usage in smart cities while substantially boosting spectrum detecting accuracy. In optimizing energy effectiveness in spectrum sensing while minimizing complexity, we use the energy detection for spectrum sensing and describe the challenge of sensor selection. This article proposed the algorithm for choosing the sensing nodes while reducing the energy utilization and improving the sensing efficiency. All the information regarding nodes is saved in the fusion center (FC) through which blockchain encrypts the information of nodes ensuring that a node’s trust value conforms to its own without any ambiguity, CWN-FC pick high-performance nodes to engage in CSS. The performance evaluation and computation results shows the comparison between various algorithms with the proposed approach which achieves 10% sensing efficiency in finding the solution for identification and triggering possibilities with the value of α=1.5 and γ=2.5 with the varying number of nodes. metadata Rani, Shalli and Babbar, Himanshi and Shah, Syed Hassan Ahmed and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Improvement of energy conservation using blockchain-enabled cognitive wireless networks for smart cities. Scientific Reports, 12 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

Article Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Angola, as with many countries on the African continent, has great inequalities or asymmetries between its provinces. At the economic, financial, and technological level, there is a great disparity between them, where it is observed that the province of Luanda is the largest financial business center to the detriment of others, such as Moxico, Zaire, and Cabinda. In the latter, despite the advantages of high oil production, from a regional point of view, they remain almost stagnant in time, in a social dysfunction where the population lives on extractivism and artisanal fishing. This article analyzes the most important events in contemporary regional history, the Portuguese occupation that was the Portuguese colonial rule over Angola (1890–1930) and the civil war that was a struggle between Angolans for control of the country (1975–2002), in the consolidation of the asymmetries between provinces. For this work, a theoretical-reflective study was conducted based on the reading of books, articles, and previous investigations on the phenomenon studied. Considering the interpretation and analysis of the theoretical content obtained through the bibliographic research conducted, this theoretical construction approaches the qualitative approach. We conclude that the deep inequalities between regions and within them, between the provinces studied, originated historically in the form of exploitation of the regions and from the consequences of the war. The asymmetries, observed through the variables studied show that the provinces historically explored and considered object regions present a lower growth compared to those that were considered subject regions in which the applied geopolitical strategy, as they are centers of primary production flows, was different. We also observe that, due to the conflicts of the civil war in the less developed regions, the inequalities have deepened, contributing seriously to a higher level of poverty and a lower development of the provinces where these conflicts took place. metadata Catoto Capitango, João Adolfo and Garat de Marin, Mirtha Silvana and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Rojo Gutiérrez, Marco Antonio and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Durántez Prados, Frigdiano Álvaro mail UNSPECIFIED, silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, durantez@uneatlantico.es (2022) Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Development of Angola’s Provinces: The Impact of Colonialism and Civil War. Social Sciences, 11 (8). p. 334. ISSN 2076-0760

Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of this article was to evaluate the level of satisfaction of a sample of graduates in relation to different online postgraduate programs in the environmental area, as part of the process of continuous improvement in which the educational institution was immersed for the renewal of its accreditation before the corresponding official bodies. Based on the bibliographic review of a series of models and tools, a Likert scale measurement instrument was developed. This instrument, once applied and validated, showed a good level of reliability, with more than three quarters of the participants having a positive evaluation of satisfaction. Likewise, to facilitate the relational study, and after confirming the suitability of performing a factor analysis, four variable grouping factors were determined, which explained a good part of the variability of the instrument’s items. As a result of the analysis, it was found that there were significant values of low satisfaction in graduates from the Eurasian area, mainly in terms of organizational issues and academic expectations. On the other hand, it was observed that the methodological aspects of the “Auditing” and “Biodiversity” programs showed higher levels of dissatisfaction than the rest, with no statistically significant relationships between gender, entry profile or age groups. The methodology followed and the rigor in determining the validity and reliability of the instrument, as well as the subsequent analysis of the results, endorsed by the review of the documented information, suggest that the instrument can be applied to other multidisciplinary programs for decision making with guarantees in the educational field metadata García Villena, Eduardo and Pueyo Villa, Silvia and Delgado Noya, Irene and Tutusaus, Kilian and Ruiz Salces, Roberto and Pascual Barrera, Alina Eugenia mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, silvia.pueyo@uneatlantico.es, irene.delgado@uneatlantico.es, kilian.tutusaus@uneatlantico.es, roberto.ruiz@uneatlantico.es, alina.pascual@unini.edu.mx (2021) Instrumentalization of a Model for the Evaluation of the Level of Satisfaction of Graduates under an E-Learning Methodology: A Case Analysis Oriented to Postgraduate Studies in the Environmental Field. Sustainability, 13 (9). p. 5112. ISSN 2071-1050

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Article Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español La formación pedagógica del docente debe partir de las competencias que el profesor debe desarrollar para aplicar a las TIC de manera educativa a lo largo de su vida docente. Este estudio, que es parte del Proyecto Europeo Lovedistance – Learning Optmization and Academic Inclusion Via Equitative Distance Teaching and Learning 609949-EPP-1-2019-1-PTEPPKA2-CBHE-JP, tiene como objetivo medir los niveles y dimensiones de las competencias determinadas por la UNESCO (2016) en cuanto a la acción docente frente a la utilización de las TIC en escenarios educativos. Se destacan las posibilidades de llevar a cabo una planificación basada en las TIC; el diseño o la capacidad de organización y construcción de escenarios de aprendizaje con las TIC; y la evaluación o la posibilidad de medida de la efectividad de las TIC para la educación a lo largo de la vida, en los espacios educativos que se desarrollan como docentes (Coll, 2008). El presente estudio se basa en el diseño de encuesta y utiliza como instrumento el cuestionario, aplicando una complementariedad metodológica con unos resultados que indican a través de un análisis descriptivo que la formación del profesorado, la coordinación y cooperación docente, y la profundización en el manejo de las tecnologías, son factores de gran importancia y favorecedores del uso de las TIC en la comunidad educativa. metadata Sartor-Harada, Andresa mail andresa.sartor@uneatlantico.es (2021) La comunidad docente y las competencias digitales: la formación a lo largo de la vida. Revista Conhecimento Online, 1. p. 177. ISSN 2176-8501

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Revista Subjects > Comunication Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés El objetivo principal de Revista MLS Communication Journal es difundir obras inéditas relacionadas con los grandes retos y desafíos de la comunicación en sus diferentes ámbitos: el periodismo, la publicidad, la comunicación audiovisual, la comunicación interactiva o la comunicación en las organizaciones, entre otros. La revista tiene interés en la difusión de trabajos académicos y científicos que identifiquen, describan y divulguen hallazgos inéditos y de interés en estos campos desde la revisión teórica, la innovación metodológica, la experimentación y la apuesta por la innovación. Los estudios publicados en MLS Communication Journal se centran en reflexionar sobre los grandes hitos, las principales interrogantes y las tendencias más destacadas del escenario comunicativo, adoptando una perspectiva de estudio teórico-práctica. La revista tiene un marcado carácter iberoamericano e internacional, por lo que puede ser utilizada para su publicación en cualquier país de origen, siempre que éstos cumplan con las diferentes fases de la investigación con rigor metodológico. Constituye, por lo tanto, un medio de difusión del conocimiento derivado de diferentes entornos socioculturales. MLS Communication Journal pública trabajos en el idioma castellano, portugués e inglés, y se edita totalmente en el último idioma, manteniendo también una edición en el idioma original del manuscrito. Su estructura organizativa se compone principalmente de investigadores, ya que una revista científica, basada en principios, debe tener sus raíces en la comunidad investigadora que tiene la producción intelectual y las contribuciones relevantes en el tema dentro de sus respectivas instituciones. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2021) MLS Communication Journal. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés La revista MLS Educational Research nace como una publicación semestral con el objetivo de contribuir al debate y mejorar la comprensión de la práctica educativa, la innovación pedagógica y la investigación en general. Los artículos incluidos en esta revista se publican en español, portugués e inglés. La vocación internacional de esta revista lo hace apto para difundir el conocimiento de los diferentes ambientes socioculturales. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2017) MLS Educational Research. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Teaching Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés Antigua Revista internacional de apoyo a la inclusión, logopedia, sociedad y multiculturalidad La revista MLS Inclusion and Society Journal es la continuación de la Revista internacional de apoyo a la inclusión, logopedia, sociedad y multiculturalidad (RIAI), revista heredera de la revista RIALAIM con mayor antigüedad, pero de la cual se independizó para tomar las directrices de las revistas actuales con indicadores de impacto. La revista MLS Inclusion and Society Journal cuenta actualmente con artículos de investigación y teóricos, tanto internacionales como nacionales, que están arbitrados por pares ciegos externos a la revista, en un proceso riguroso de selección. Los ejes temáticos son: educación inclusiva, logopedia, sociedad y multiculturalidad. La MLS Inclusion and Society Journal tiene una periodicidad de dos números al año (junio y diciembre) metadata Inclusion and Society Journal, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2022) MLS Inclusion and Society Journal. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Social Sciences Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Español MLS - Law and International politics (MLSLIP) es una publicación de periodicidad semestral con el objetivo de ser un canal que contribuya a la discusión, el intercambio de conocimiento y el debate entre académicos, responsables de política pública, empresarios, tecnólogos, científicos y los distintos actores interesados en temas de Derecho y Política, que deriven en el crecimiento del conocimiento científico de esas ciencias, producto de trabajo vinculado entre sectores público, privado y académico. MLS - Law and International politics (MLSLIP) se enfoca también en colaboraciones que engloben avances en materia de ciencia jurídica y política, con un impacto social y que contribuyan a la solución de problemas nacionales e internacionales. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2022) MLS Law and International Politics. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés La revista Project Design and Management nace como una publicación semestral con el objetivo de invitar a la reflexión y el debate para entender correctamente cual es la función, aporte y responsabilidad del área Project, Design y Management (PDM) en la actualidad, no solo del mundo académico sino además en el espacio profesional. Comenzando por entender que el área de PDM, es un espacio interdisciplinario, bajo un concepto innovador, colaborativo e integral hacia todas las áreas que participan, no solo en la administración de los recursos necesarios para un proyecto sino además, en el diseño o desarrollo del mismo. Los artículos incluidos en esta revista se publican en español, portugués e inglés, atendiendo de esta manera a un espacio internacional y multicultural que permita una gestión del conocimiento actual, propia y necesaria del área PDM. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2019) MLS Project Design and Management. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Psychology Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés MLS Psychology Research es una revista científica que tiene como finalidad publicar artículos originales de investigación y de revisión tanto en áreas básicas como aplicadas y metodológicas que supongan una contribución al progreso de cualquier ámbito de la psicología científica como objetivo principal. MLSPR acogerá a artículo que analicen la conducta y procesos mentales tanto de individuos como de grupos, y que abarque aspectos de la experiencia humana. MLSPR atenderá a diferentes enfoques dentro de la psicología: Psicología clínica, Psicoterapea, Psicología educativa, Psicología del desarrollo, Neuropsicología, Psicología social, etc. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2018) MLS Psychology Research. [Revista]

Revista Subjects > Physical Education and Sport Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Magazines
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Magazines
Abierto Inglés MLS Sport Research es una revista científica que tiene como objetivo publicar artículos originales de investigación y de revisión tanto en áreas básicas como aplicadas y metodológicas que supongan una contribución al progreso en el ámbito de las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte. Los estudios publicados deben cumplir con las diferentes fases de la investigación con rigor metodológico. MLS Sport Research atenderá a diferentes ámbitos dentro de la actividad física y el deporte: salud, educación física, prevención y readaptación de lesiones, socorrismo, nuevas tecnologías, fisiología, nutrición, psicología, dirección y gestión, entrenamiento y rendimiento deportivo. metadata Multi-Lingual Scientific Journals, (MLS) mail mls@devnull.funiber.org (2021) MLS Sport Research. [Revista]

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés 5G has been launched in a few countries of the world, so now all focus shifted towards the development of future 6G networks. 5G has connected all aspects of society. Ubiquitous connectivity has opened the doors for more data sharing. Although 5G is providing low latency, higher data rates, and high-speed yet there are some security-related vulnerabilities. Those security issues need to be mitigated for securing 6G networks from existing challenges. Classical cryptography will not remain enough for securing the 6G network. As all classical cryptography can be disabled with the help of quantum mechanics. Therefore, in the place of traditional security solutions, in this article, we have reviewed all the existing quantum solutions of 5G existing security issues to mitigate them and secure 6G in a Future Quantum World. metadata Mangla, Cherry and Rani, Shalli and Faseeh Qureshi, Nawab Muhammad and Singh, Aman mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@uneatlantico.es (2022) Mitigating 5G security challenges for next-gen industry using quantum computing. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences. ISSN 13191578

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Article Subjects > Biomedicine Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Inglés Objective To compare the predictive value of the quick COVID-19 Severity Index (qCSI) and the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) for 90-day mortality amongst COVID-19 patients. Methods Multicenter retrospective cohort study conducted in adult patients transferred by ambulance to an emergency department (ED) with suspected COVID-19 infection subsequently confirmed by a SARS-CoV-2 test (polymerase chain reaction). We collected epidemiological data, clinical covariates (respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, level of consciousness and use of supplemental oxygen) and hospital variables. The primary outcome was cumulative all-cause mortality during a 90-day follow-up, with mortality assessment monitoring time points at 1, 2, 7, 14, 30 and 90 days from ED attendance. Comparison of performances for 90-day mortality between both scores was carried out by univariate analysis. Results From March to November 2020, we included 2,961 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients (median age 79 years, IQR 66–88), with 49.2% females. The qCSI score provided an AUC ranging from 0.769 (1-day mortality) to 0.749 (90-day mortality), whereas AUCs for NEWS ranging from 0.825 for 1-day mortality to 0.777 for 90-day mortality. At all-time points studied, differences between both scores were statistically significant (p < .001). Conclusion Patients with SARS-CoV-2 can rapidly develop bilateral pneumonias with multiorgan disease; in these cases, in which an evacuation by the EMS is required, reliable scores for an early identification of patients with risk of clinical deterioration are critical. The NEWS score provides not only better prognostic results than those offered by qCSI at all the analyzed time points, but it is also better suited for COVID-19 patients. metadata Martín-Rodríguez, Francisco and Sanz-García, Ancor and Ortega, Guillermo J. and Delgado-Benito, Juan F. and Garcia Villena, Eduardo and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and López-Izquierdo, Raúl and Castro Villamor, Miguel A. mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2022) One-on-one comparison between qCSI and NEWS scores for mortality risk assessment in patients with COVID-19. Annals of Medicine, 54 (1). pp. 646-654. ISSN 0785-3890

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Article Subjects > Social Sciences Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español Organizaciones de economía solidarias, son iniciativas empresariales sin ánimo de lucro en las que sus campos de acción están encaminadas para una proyección a las comunidades de bajos ingresos, población vulnerables, desplazada, primera infancia, grupos etnias como indígenas, negritudes, afro-descendientes, entre otras. Toda asociación no gubernamental necesita un buen manejo administrativo que le permita realizar sus funciones sociales con eficiencia, pues es importante resaltar que de una buena gestión depende el éxito de las funciones de las entidades. En ese sentido, se constituirá en un aporte investigativo social, puesto que en primera instancia se busca un estado actual organizaciones en sus áreas administrativa, operacional, financiera, comercial, talento humano y todo esto articulado con la alta dirección, para la consecución de nuevos usuarios y sostenimiento. Es por eso que buscamos fortalecer la capacidad empresarial de este sector, esto nos hace pensar que debemos trabajar en la situación actual con el fin de equilibrar su comportamiento organizacional, esto nos llevará a la obtención de una estructura para el beneficio de estas organizaciones en la adopción de sistemas de calidad, basado en Norma ISO 9001, gestión ambiental, ISO 14001, gestión seguridad y salud en el trabajo OHSAS 18001, para la mejora continua. metadata Carmona Campo, Carlos Javier mail UNSPECIFIED (2015) Procesos de gestión en las organizaciones solidarias. Revista ADGNOSIS, 4 (4). ISSN 2344-7516

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Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés It has been hypothesized that alterations in the composition of the gut microbiota might be associated with the onset of certain human pathologies, such as Alzheimer disease, a neurodegenerative syndrome associated with cerebral accumulation of amyloid-β fibrils. It has been shown that bacteria populating the gut microbiota can release significant amounts of amyloids and lipopolysaccharides, which might play a role in the modulation of signaling pathways and the production of proinflammatory cytokines related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Additionally, nutrients have been shown to affect the composition of the gut microbiota as well as the formation and aggregation of cerebral amyloid-β. This suggests that modulating the gut microbiome and amyloidogenesis through specific nutritional interventions might prove to be an effective strategy to prevent or reduce the risk of Alzheimer disease. This review examines the possible role of the gut in the dissemination of amyloids, the role of the gut microbiota in the regulation of the gut–brain axis, the potential amyloidogenic properties of gut bacteria, and the possible impact of nutrients on modulation of microbiota composition and amyloid formation in relation to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. metadata Pistollato, Francesca and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Masias Vergara, Manuel and Giampieri, Francesca and Battino, Maurizio mail francesca.pitollato@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es (2016) Role of gut microbiota and nutrients in amyloid formation and pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Nutrition Reviews, 74 (10). pp. 624-634. ISSN 0029-6643

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Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Conventional outage management practices in distribution systems are tedious and complex due to the long time taken to locate the fault. Emerging smart technologies and various cloud services offered could be utilized and integrated into the power industry to enhance the overall process, especially in the fault monitoring and normalizing fields in distribution systems. This paper introduces smart fault monitoring and normalizing technologies in distribution systems by using one of the most popular cloud service platforms, the Microsoft Azure Internet of Things (IoT) Hub, together with some of the related services. A hardware prototype was constructed based on part of a real underground distribution system network, and the fault monitoring and normalizing techniques were integrated to form a system. Such a system with IoT integration effectively reduces the power outage experienced by customers in the healthy section of the faulted feeder from approximately 1 h to less than 5 min and is able to improve the System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI) and System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIFI) in electric utility companies significantly metadata Peter, Geno and Stonier, Albert Alexander and Gupta, Punit and Gavilanes, Daniel and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Lung sin, Jong mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, daniel.gavilanes@uneatlantico.es, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Smart Fault Monitoring and Normalizing of a Power Distribution System Using IoT. Energies, 15 (21). p. 8206. ISSN 1996-1073

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Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Technology’s expansion has contributed to the rise in popularity of social media platforms. Twitter is one of the leading social media platforms that people use to share their opinions. Such opinions, sometimes, may contain threatening text, deliberately or non-deliberately, which can be disturbing for other users. Consequently, the detection of threatening content on social media is an important task. Contrary to high-resource languages like English, Dutch, and others that have several such approaches, the low-resource Urdu language does not have such a luxury. Therefore, this study presents an intelligent threatening language detection for the Urdu language. A stacking model is proposed that uses an extra tree (ET) classifier and Bayes theorem-based Bernoulli Naive Bayes (BNB) as the based learners while logistic regression (LR) is employed as the meta learner. A performance analysis is carried out by deploying a support vector classifier, ET, LR, BNB, fully connected network, convolutional neural network, long short-term memory, and gated recurrent unit. Experimental results indicate that the stacked model performs better than both machine learning and deep learning models. With 74.01% accuracy, 70.84% precision, 75.65% recall, and 73.99% F1 score, the model outperforms the existing benchmark study. metadata Mehmood, Aneela and Farooq, Muhammad Shoaib and Naseem, Ansar and Rustam, Furqan and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Threatening URDU Language Detection from Tweets Using Machine Learning. Applied Sciences, 12 (20). p. 10342. ISSN 2076-3417

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Thyroid disease prediction has emerged as an important task recently. Despite existing approaches for its diagnosis, often the target is binary classification, the used datasets are small-sized and results are not validated either. Predominantly, existing approaches focus on model optimization and the feature engineering part is less investigated. To overcome these limitations, this study presents an approach that investigates feature engineering for machine learning and deep learning models. Forward feature selection, backward feature elimination, bidirectional feature elimination, and machine learning-based feature selection using extra tree classifiers are adopted. The proposed approach can predict Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (primary hypothyroid), binding protein (increased binding protein), autoimmune thyroiditis (compensated hypothyroid), and non-thyroidal syndrome (NTIS) (concurrent non-thyroidal illness). Extensive experiments show that the extra tree classifier-based selected feature yields the best results with 0.99 accuracy and an F1 score when used with the random forest classifier. Results suggest that the machine learning models are a better choice for thyroid disease detection regarding the provided accuracy and the computational complexity. K-fold cross-validation and performance comparison with existing studies corroborate the superior performance of the proposed approach. metadata Chaganti, Rajasekhar and Rustam, Furqan and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Thyroid Disease Prediction Using Selective Features and Machine Learning Techniques. Cancers, 14 (16). p. 3914. ISSN 2072-6694

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Device-to-device (D2D) communication has attracted many researchers, cellular operators, and equipment makers as mobile traffic and bandwidth demands have increased. It supports direct communication within devices with no need for any intermediate node and, therefore, offers advantage in 5G network while providing wide cell coverage range and frequency reuse. However, establishing acceptable and secure mechanism for D2D communication which ensures confidentiality, integrity, and availability is an issue encountered in this situation. Furthermore, in a resource-constrained IoT environment, these security challenges are more critical and difficult to mitigate, especially during emergence of IoT with 5G network application scenarios. To address these issues, this paper proposed a security mechanism in 5G network for D2D wireless communication dependent on lightweight modified elliptic curve cryptography (LMECC). The proposed scheme follows a proactive routing protocol to discover services, managing link setup, and for data transfer with the aim to reduce communication overhead during user authentication. The proposed approach has been compared against Diffie–Hellman (DH) and ElGamal (ELG) schemes to evaluate the protocol overhead and security enhancement at network edge. Results proved the outstanding performance of the proposed LMECC for strengthening data secrecy with approximate 13% and 22.5% lower overhead than DH and ELG schemes. metadata Gupta, Divya and Rani, Shalli and Singh, Aman and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Wang, Han mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, aman.singh@unic.co.ao, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) Towards Security Mechanism in D2D Wireless Communication: A 5G Network Approach. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022. pp. 1-9. ISSN 1530-8669

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Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Engineering
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Magazines
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés White blood cell (WBC) type classification is a task of significant importance for diagnosis using microscopic images of WBC, which develop immunity to fight against infections and foreign substances. WBCs consist of different types, and abnormalities in a type of WBC may potentially represent a disease such as leukemia. Existing studies are limited by low accuracy and overrated performance, often caused by model overfit due to an imbalanced dataset. Additionally, many studies consider a lower number of WBC types, and the accuracy is exaggerated. This study presents a hybrid feature set of selective features and synthetic minority oversampling technique-based resampling to mitigate the influence of the above-mentioned problems. Furthermore, machine learning models are adopted for being less computationally complex, requiring less data for training, and providing robust results. Experiments are performed using both machine- and deep learning models for performance comparison using the original dataset, augmented dataset, and oversampled dataset to analyze the performances of the models. The results suggest that a hybrid feature set of both texture and RGB features from microscopic images, selected using Chi2, produces a high accuracy of 0.97 with random forest. Performance appraisal using k-fold cross-validation and comparison with existing state-of-the-art studies shows that the proposed approach outperforms existing studies regarding the obtained accuracy and computational complexity. metadata Rustam, Furqan and Aslam, Naila and De La Torre Díez, Isabel and Khan, Yaser Daanial and Vidal Mazón, Juan Luis and Rodríguez Velasco, Carmen Lilí and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2022) White Blood Cell Classification Using Texture and RGB Features of Oversampled Microscopic Images. Healthcare, 10 (11). p. 2230. ISSN 2227-9032

This list was generated on Fri Dec 2 23:40:35 2022 UTC.

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/512/1/43.%20qCOVID%20vs%20NEWS.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/style/images/fileicons/text.png" border="0"/></a>

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One-on-one comparison between qCSI and NEWS scores for mortality risk assessment in patients with COVID-19

Objective To compare the predictive value of the quick COVID-19 Severity Index (qCSI) and the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) for 90-day mortality amongst COVID-19 patients. Methods Multicenter retrospective cohort study conducted in adult patients transferred by ambulance to an emergency department (ED) with suspected COVID-19 infection subsequently confirmed by a SARS-CoV-2 test (polymerase chain reaction). We collected epidemiological data, clinical covariates (respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, level of consciousness and use of supplemental oxygen) and hospital variables. The primary outcome was cumulative all-cause mortality during a 90-day follow-up, with mortality assessment monitoring time points at 1, 2, 7, 14, 30 and 90 days from ED attendance. Comparison of performances for 90-day mortality between both scores was carried out by univariate analysis. Results From March to November 2020, we included 2,961 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients (median age 79 years, IQR 66–88), with 49.2% females. The qCSI score provided an AUC ranging from 0.769 (1-day mortality) to 0.749 (90-day mortality), whereas AUCs for NEWS ranging from 0.825 for 1-day mortality to 0.777 for 90-day mortality. At all-time points studied, differences between both scores were statistically significant (p < .001). Conclusion Patients with SARS-CoV-2 can rapidly develop bilateral pneumonias with multiorgan disease; in these cases, in which an evacuation by the EMS is required, reliable scores for an early identification of patients with risk of clinical deterioration are critical. The NEWS score provides not only better prognostic results than those offered by qCSI at all the analyzed time points, but it is also better suited for COVID-19 patients.

Producción Científica

Francisco Martín-Rodríguez mail , Ancor Sanz-García mail , Guillermo J. Ortega mail , Juan F. Delgado-Benito mail , Eduardo Garcia Villena mail eduardo.garcia@uneatlantico.es, Cristina Mazas Pérez-Oleaga mail cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, Raúl López-Izquierdo mail , Miguel A. Castro Villamor mail ,

Martín-Rodríguez

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FairHealth: Long-Term Proportional Fairness-Driven 5G Edge Healthcare in Internet of Medical Things

Recently, the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) could offload healthcare services to 5 G edge computing for low latency. However, some existing works assumed altruistic patients will sacrifice Quality of Service (QoS) for the global optimum. For priority-aware and deadline-sensitive healthcare, this sufficient and simplified assumption will undermine the engagement enthusiasm, i.e., unfairness. To address this issue, we propose a long-term proportional fairness-driven 5 G edge healthcare, i.e., FairHealth. First, we establish a long-term Nash bargaining game to model the service offloading, considering the stochastic demand and dynamic environment. We then design a Lyapunov-based proportional-fairness resource scheduling algorithm, which decouples the long-term fairness problem into single-slot sub-problems, realizing a trade-off between service stability and fairness. Moreover, we propose a block-coordinate descent method to iteratively solve non-convex fair sub-problems. Simulation results show that our scheme can improve 74.44% of the fairness index (i.e., Nash product), compared with the classic global time-optimal scheme.

Producción Científica

Xi Lin mail , Jun Wu mail , Ali Kashif Bashir mail , Wu Yang mail , Aman Singh mail aman.singh@uneatlantico.es, Ahmad Ali AlZubi mail ,

Lin

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Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Development of Angola’s Provinces: The Impact of Colonialism and Civil War

Angola, as with many countries on the African continent, has great inequalities or asymmetries between its provinces. At the economic, financial, and technological level, there is a great disparity between them, where it is observed that the province of Luanda is the largest financial business center to the detriment of others, such as Moxico, Zaire, and Cabinda. In the latter, despite the advantages of high oil production, from a regional point of view, they remain almost stagnant in time, in a social dysfunction where the population lives on extractivism and artisanal fishing. This article analyzes the most important events in contemporary regional history, the Portuguese occupation that was the Portuguese colonial rule over Angola (1890–1930) and the civil war that was a struggle between Angolans for control of the country (1975–2002), in the consolidation of the asymmetries between provinces. For this work, a theoretical-reflective study was conducted based on the reading of books, articles, and previous investigations on the phenomenon studied. Considering the interpretation and analysis of the theoretical content obtained through the bibliographic research conducted, this theoretical construction approaches the qualitative approach. We conclude that the deep inequalities between regions and within them, between the provinces studied, originated historically in the form of exploitation of the regions and from the consequences of the war. The asymmetries, observed through the variables studied show that the provinces historically explored and considered object regions present a lower growth compared to those that were considered subject regions in which the applied geopolitical strategy, as they are centers of primary production flows, was different. We also observe that, due to the conflicts of the civil war in the less developed regions, the inequalities have deepened, contributing seriously to a higher level of poverty and a lower development of the provinces where these conflicts took place.

Producción Científica

João Adolfo Catoto Capitango mail , Mirtha Silvana Garat de Marin mail silvana.marin@uneatlantico.es, Emmanuel Soriano Flores mail emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, Marco Antonio Rojo Gutiérrez mail marco.rojo@unini.edu.mx, Mónica Gracia Villar mail monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, Frigdiano Álvaro Durántez Prados mail durantez@uneatlantico.es,

Catoto Capitango

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Thyroid Disease Prediction Using Selective Features and Machine Learning Techniques

Thyroid disease prediction has emerged as an important task recently. Despite existing approaches for its diagnosis, often the target is binary classification, the used datasets are small-sized and results are not validated either. Predominantly, existing approaches focus on model optimization and the feature engineering part is less investigated. To overcome these limitations, this study presents an approach that investigates feature engineering for machine learning and deep learning models. Forward feature selection, backward feature elimination, bidirectional feature elimination, and machine learning-based feature selection using extra tree classifiers are adopted. The proposed approach can predict Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (primary hypothyroid), binding protein (increased binding protein), autoimmune thyroiditis (compensated hypothyroid), and non-thyroidal syndrome (NTIS) (concurrent non-thyroidal illness). Extensive experiments show that the extra tree classifier-based selected feature yields the best results with 0.99 accuracy and an F1 score when used with the random forest classifier. Results suggest that the machine learning models are a better choice for thyroid disease detection regarding the provided accuracy and the computational complexity. K-fold cross-validation and performance comparison with existing studies corroborate the superior performance of the proposed approach.

Producción Científica

Rajasekhar Chaganti mail , Furqan Rustam mail , Isabel De La Torre Díez mail , Juan Luis Vidal Mazón mail juanluis.vidal@uneatlantico.es, Carmen Lilí Rodríguez Velasco mail carmen.rodriguez@uneatlantico.es, Imran Ashraf mail ,

Chaganti

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Improvement of energy conservation using blockchain-enabled cognitive wireless networks for smart cities

In Smart Cities’ applications, Multi-node cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) can boost spectrum sensing efficiency in cognitive wireless networks (CWN), although there is a non-linear interaction among number of nodes and sensing efficiency. Cooperative sensing by nodes with low computational cost is not favorable to improving sensing reliability and diminishes spectrum sensing energy efficiency, which poses obstacles to the regular operation of CWN. To enhance the evaluation and interpretation of nodes and resolves the difficulty of sensor selection in cognitive sensor networks for energy-efficient spectrum sensing. We examined reducing energy usage in smart cities while substantially boosting spectrum detecting accuracy. In optimizing energy effectiveness in spectrum sensing while minimizing complexity, we use the energy detection for spectrum sensing and describe the challenge of sensor selection. This article proposed the algorithm for choosing the sensing nodes while reducing the energy utilization and improving the sensing efficiency. All the information regarding nodes is saved in the fusion center (FC) through which blockchain encrypts the information of nodes ensuring that a node’s trust value conforms to its own without any ambiguity, CWN-FC pick high-performance nodes to engage in CSS. The performance evaluation and computation results shows the comparison between various algorithms with the proposed approach which achieves 10% sensing efficiency in finding the solution for identification and triggering possibilities with the value of α=1.5 and γ=2.5 with the varying number of nodes.

Producción Científica

Shalli Rani mail , Himanshi Babbar mail , Syed Hassan Ahmed Shah mail , Aman Singh mail aman.singh@uneatlantico.es,

Rani