Modelo geoespacial para priorizar los factores de riesgo ambiental de las comunidades sin alcantarillado sanitario en la cuenca del Río Grande de Loíza en Puerto Rico

Article Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Español La cuenca del Río Grande de Loíza de Puerto Rico es la más grande de la isla, compuesta por 15 subcuencas. Estos ríos están contaminados con patógenos relacionados a las Comunidades Sin Alcantarillado Sanitario denominadas ComSAS, que utilizan pozos sépticos defectuosos o descargas directas a los cuerpos de agua. La Agencia Federal de Protección Ambiental la describe como la de mayor prioridad de atención. La investigación plantea el objetivo de elaborar un modelo geoespacial para incorporarse al proceso de cumplimiento de la ley de agua limpia. Incluye el diseño de una metodología ad hoc, que selecciona los factores ambientales y establece los parámetros para priorizar las áreas por nivel y tipo de riesgo. El análisis multicriterio incorporó las capas de información geográficas que incluyen estructuras/km2, la cercanía a los ríos, la clasificación de uso de terrenos, y la presencia de suelos hídricos con grupos hidrológicos tipo D. El resultado generó la capa de información geográfica que identifica el 27 % del área de estudio como alto y muy alto riesgo. Las agencias estatales y federales pueden podrán incorporar esta herramienta de innovación en el proceso de toma de decisiones para evaluar de forma rápida las comunidades de alto riesgo metadata Fernández Valencia, María de Lourdes and Rivera Rivas, María del Carmen mail UNSPECIFIED, maricarmen.rivera@unib.org (2022) Modelo geoespacial para priorizar los factores de riesgo ambiental de las comunidades sin alcantarillado sanitario en la cuenca del Río Grande de Loíza en Puerto Rico. Revista Umbral, 1 (18). pp. 183-209. ISSN 2 1 5 1 - 8 3 8 6

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Abstract

La cuenca del Río Grande de Loíza de Puerto Rico es la más grande de la isla, compuesta por 15 subcuencas. Estos ríos están contaminados con patógenos relacionados a las Comunidades Sin Alcantarillado Sanitario denominadas ComSAS, que utilizan pozos sépticos defectuosos o descargas directas a los cuerpos de agua. La Agencia Federal de Protección Ambiental la describe como la de mayor prioridad de atención. La investigación plantea el objetivo de elaborar un modelo geoespacial para incorporarse al proceso de cumplimiento de la ley de agua limpia. Incluye el diseño de una metodología ad hoc, que selecciona los factores ambientales y establece los parámetros para priorizar las áreas por nivel y tipo de riesgo. El análisis multicriterio incorporó las capas de información geográficas que incluyen estructuras/km2, la cercanía a los ríos, la clasificación de uso de terrenos, y la presencia de suelos hídricos con grupos hidrológicos tipo D. El resultado generó la capa de información geográfica que identifica el 27 % del área de estudio como alto y muy alto riesgo. Las agencias estatales y federales pueden podrán incorporar esta herramienta de innovación en el proceso de toma de decisiones para evaluar de forma rápida las comunidades de alto riesgo

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agua contaminada, an·lisis Multicriterio, Comunidades Sin Alcantarillado Sanitario, modelo geoespacial, sistema de información geográfico, cuenca hidrográfica, pozos sépticos
Subjects: Subjects > Engineering
Divisions: Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2023 23:30
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.unib.org/id/eprint/5494

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